What is Urubu fish?

June 21, 2024


Urubu fish, also known as the black vulture fish, is a species of freshwater fish native to South America. It is a popular game fish among anglers due to its aggressive nature and strong fighting ability. In this glossary, we will explore the characteristics, habitat, and fishing techniques associated with the Urubu fish.

Physical Characteristics

The Urubu fish is known for its distinctive black and silver coloration, which helps it blend in with its surroundings in murky waters. It has a streamlined body shape, with a pointed snout and sharp teeth that are well-suited for catching prey. The average size of an adult Urubu fish ranges from 12 to 18 inches in length, with some specimens reaching up to 24 inches.


Urubu fish are typically found in slow-moving rivers, lakes, and reservoirs throughout South America. They prefer areas with dense vegetation and underwater structures, such as fallen trees and rock formations, where they can ambush their prey. Urubu fish are known to be highly adaptable to different water conditions, making them a versatile species for anglers to target.


Urubu fish are opportunistic feeders, preying on a variety of aquatic insects, small fish, and crustaceans. They are known to be voracious predators, using their sharp teeth to tear apart their prey before consuming it. Anglers often use live bait, such as minnows or worms, to attract Urubu fish and entice them to strike.

Fishing Techniques

When targeting Urubu fish, anglers often use a variety of fishing techniques, including casting lures, fishing with live bait, and trolling. Lures that mimic the natural prey of Urubu fish, such as small fish or insects, are particularly effective in enticing strikes. Anglers can also use baitcasting or spinning reels to target Urubu fish in different water depths.

Best Time to Fish

Urubu fish are most active during the early morning and late afternoon hours, when they are actively feeding. Anglers can increase their chances of success by fishing during these peak feeding times and targeting areas with high fish activity. Additionally, fishing during the spring and fall months, when water temperatures are moderate, can also yield good results.

Tackle and Gear

When fishing for Urubu fish, anglers typically use medium to heavy spinning or baitcasting rods, paired with a strong monofilament or braided fishing line. A variety of lures, such as crankbaits, jigs, and soft plastics, can be effective in attracting Urubu fish. Anglers should also use a sturdy fishing net to safely land and release their catch.

Conservation Status

The Urubu fish population is currently stable in most regions of South America, thanks to conservation efforts and sustainable fishing practices. However, habitat destruction, pollution, and overfishing pose ongoing threats to the species. Anglers are encouraged to practice catch and release fishing to help preserve the Urubu fish population for future generations.


In conclusion, the Urubu fish is a fascinating species of freshwater fish that offers anglers a challenging and rewarding fishing experience. By understanding the physical characteristics, habitat, diet, and fishing techniques associated with the Urubu fish, anglers can increase their chances of success and contribute to the conservation of this unique species. Happy fishing!

Tatiana Cesso

As a journalist, I've made it my mission to explore and share stories that inspire, inform, and entertain. You may have stumbled upon my work in esteemed publications such as InStyle, Marie Claire, Bazaar, L’Officiel, and Vogue, among others. Having called the U.S. home since 2010, I've lived in Chicago, LA, and currently, Miami. But my heart always beats to the rhythm of Brazil. It's where I was born and raised, and my love for its culture, people, and energy knows no bounds. To share this passion, I've founded Brazilcore, a platform aimed at bridging the gap between Brazil and English speakers worldwide.