What is Queixada?

June 21, 2024


Queixada, also known as the white-lipped peccary, is a species of pig-like mammal found in Central and South America. These animals are known for their distinctive white lips and social behavior, living in large herds of up to 300 individuals. In this glossary, we will explore the characteristics, habitat, behavior, and conservation status of the Queixada.

Physical Characteristics

Queixadas are medium-sized mammals, with adults typically weighing between 20 and 30 kilograms. They have a sleek, muscular body with a coat of short, bristly fur that ranges in color from dark brown to gray. One of the most distinctive features of the Queixada is its white lips, which give the species its common name.


Queixadas are found in a variety of habitats, including tropical rainforests, savannas, and scrublands. They are most commonly found in areas with dense vegetation and access to water sources. These animals are highly adaptable and can thrive in a range of environments, from the Amazon rainforest to the dry forests of Central America.


Queixadas are highly social animals, living in large herds that can consist of hundreds of individuals. They communicate through a series of vocalizations, including grunts, squeals, and chattering sounds. These herds are led by a dominant female, who determines the group’s movements and behavior.


Queixadas are omnivorous animals, feeding on a variety of plant matter, fruits, seeds, and insects. They are important seed dispersers in their ecosystems, helping to maintain the health and diversity of plant populations. Queixadas have a keen sense of smell, which they use to locate food sources in their environment.


Queixadas have a breeding season that typically occurs during the rainy season, when food sources are abundant. Females give birth to a single offspring after a gestation period of around 150 days. The young are cared for by the mother and other members of the herd, who provide protection and guidance as the offspring grows.

Conservation Status

Queixadas are facing increasing threats to their survival, including habitat loss, hunting, and competition with domestic livestock. The species is listed as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List, with populations declining in many parts of their range. Conservation efforts are underway to protect Queixadas and their habitats from further decline.

Importance to Ecosystem

Queixadas play a crucial role in their ecosystems as seed dispersers and ecosystem engineers. By feeding on a variety of plant matter, they help to maintain the balance of plant populations and promote biodiversity. Their presence in the environment is essential for the health and stability of tropical ecosystems.

Threats to Queixadas

Queixadas face a number of threats to their survival, including habitat loss due to deforestation, hunting for meat and body parts, and competition with livestock for resources. These factors have led to population declines in many parts of their range, making conservation efforts critical for the species’ long-term survival.

Conservation Efforts

Conservation organizations and government agencies are working to protect Queixadas and their habitats from further decline. Efforts include establishing protected areas, enforcing hunting regulations, and raising awareness about the importance of these animals to local ecosystems. By working together, we can ensure a future for Queixadas in the wild.


In conclusion, Queixadas are fascinating animals with unique characteristics and behaviors. Their social nature, distinctive appearance, and important role in tropical ecosystems make them a valuable species worth protecting. By learning more about Queixadas and supporting conservation efforts, we can help ensure a future for these remarkable animals in the wild.

Tatiana Cesso

As a journalist, I've made it my mission to explore and share stories that inspire, inform, and entertain. You may have stumbled upon my work in esteemed publications such as InStyle, Marie Claire, Bazaar, L’Officiel, and Vogue, among others. Having called the U.S. home since 2010, I've lived in Chicago, LA, and currently, Miami. But my heart always beats to the rhythm of Brazil. It's where I was born and raised, and my love for its culture, people, and energy knows no bounds. To share this passion, I've founded Brazilcore, a platform aimed at bridging the gap between Brazil and English speakers worldwide.