What is Kibe?

June 21, 2024

What is Kibe?

Kibe, also known as kibbeh, is a popular Middle Eastern dish made from bulgur, minced onions, and finely ground lean beef, lamb, goat, or camel meat. It is typically shaped into balls or patties and deep-fried or baked. Kibe is a versatile dish that can be served as an appetizer, main course, or snack.

History of Kibe

Kibe has a long history dating back to ancient times in the Middle East. It is believed to have originated in the Levant region, which includes countries like Lebanon, Syria, and Palestine. Kibe was traditionally made by nomadic tribes using simple ingredients like bulgur and meat, making it a hearty and nutritious meal for travelers.

Ingredients in Kibe

The key ingredients in kibe include bulgur, minced onions, and ground meat. Bulgur is a type of whole grain that is commonly used in Middle Eastern cuisine. It is rich in fiber and protein, making it a healthy addition to the dish. Minced onions add flavor and moisture to the kibe, while the ground meat provides protein and richness.

Variations of Kibe

There are many variations of kibe found throughout the Middle East and beyond. In Lebanon, kibe is often made with a mixture of ground beef and lamb, seasoned with spices like cinnamon, allspice, and nutmeg. In Syria, kibe is sometimes stuffed with a mixture of ground meat, pine nuts, and spices. In Brazil, kibe is a popular street food made with ground beef, bulgur, and mint.

How to Make Kibe

To make kibe, start by soaking bulgur in water for about 30 minutes to soften it. Drain any excess water and mix the bulgur with minced onions, ground meat, and spices. Shape the mixture into balls or patties and fry or bake until golden brown and cooked through. Serve the kibe with tahini sauce, yogurt, or a side of salad for a complete meal.

Health Benefits of Kibe

Kibe is a nutritious dish that offers several health benefits. Bulgur is a good source of fiber, which aids in digestion and helps maintain a healthy weight. The lean protein from the meat in kibe helps build and repair tissues in the body. Additionally, kibe is a rich source of vitamins and minerals like iron, zinc, and B vitamins.

Popular Kibe Recipes

There are countless kibe recipes available online and in cookbooks for those looking to try their hand at making this delicious dish at home. Some popular variations include baked kibe with a spicy tomato sauce, kibe stuffed with pine nuts and raisins, and kibe made with ground turkey and quinoa for a healthier twist.

Where to Find Kibe

Kibe can be found at Middle Eastern restaurants, food trucks, and markets around the world. It is a popular dish that is enjoyed by people of all ages and backgrounds. Whether you are a fan of traditional kibe or looking to try a new twist on this classic dish, there are plenty of options available to satisfy your cravings.


In conclusion, kibe is a versatile and delicious dish with a rich history and cultural significance in the Middle East. Whether you prefer it fried, baked, or stuffed, there is a kibe recipe out there to suit your taste preferences. So why not give kibe a try and experience the flavors of the Levant region for yourself?

Tatiana Cesso

As a journalist, I've made it my mission to explore and share stories that inspire, inform, and entertain. You may have stumbled upon my work in esteemed publications such as InStyle, Marie Claire, Bazaar, L’Officiel, and Vogue, among others. Having called the U.S. home since 2010, I've lived in Chicago, LA, and currently, Miami. But my heart always beats to the rhythm of Brazil. It's where I was born and raised, and my love for its culture, people, and energy knows no bounds. To share this passion, I've founded Brazilcore, a platform aimed at bridging the gap between Brazil and English speakers worldwide.