What is Iguaçu River?

June 21, 2024


The Iguaçu River is a major river in South America, flowing through Brazil and Argentina. It is known for its stunning waterfalls, which are among the largest and most powerful in the world. In this glossary, we will explore the history, geography, and significance of the Iguaçu River.


The Iguaçu River originates in the Serra do Mar mountain range in Brazil and flows for approximately 1,320 kilometers before emptying into the Paraná River. It forms part of the border between Brazil and Argentina, and its watershed covers an area of over 62,000 square kilometers.


The Iguaçu River has been inhabited by indigenous peoples for thousands of years, and it played a significant role in the colonization of South America by European explorers. The first European to discover the river was Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca in 1541.


The Iguaçu River is home to a diverse range of plant and animal species, including jaguars, capybaras, and toucans. The surrounding rainforest is one of the most biodiverse ecosystems on the planet, with thousands of species of plants and animals coexisting in harmony.


The most famous feature of the Iguaçu River is the Iguaçu Falls, a series of 275 waterfalls that stretch for over 2 kilometers. The most impressive of these is the Devil’s Throat, a U-shaped waterfall that is over 80 meters high and 150 meters wide.


The Iguaçu Falls are a major tourist attraction, drawing millions of visitors from around the world each year. The surrounding national parks offer a range of activities, including hiking, boat tours, and helicopter rides over the falls.

Hydroelectric Power

The Iguaçu River is also an important source of hydroelectric power, with several dams and power plants located along its course. The Itaipu Dam, which straddles the border between Brazil and Paraguay, is one of the largest hydroelectric plants in the world.


Despite its importance as a natural and cultural landmark, the Iguaçu River faces threats from deforestation, pollution, and climate change. Conservation efforts are underway to protect the river and its surrounding ecosystem for future generations.


In conclusion, the Iguaçu River is a unique and valuable natural resource that deserves to be protected and preserved. Its waterfalls, wildlife, and cultural significance make it a truly special place that should be cherished by all who visit.

Tatiana Cesso

As a journalist, I've made it my mission to explore and share stories that inspire, inform, and entertain. You may have stumbled upon my work in esteemed publications such as InStyle, Marie Claire, Bazaar, L’Officiel, and Vogue, among others. Having called the U.S. home since 2010, I've lived in Chicago, LA, and currently, Miami. But my heart always beats to the rhythm of Brazil. It's where I was born and raised, and my love for its culture, people, and energy knows no bounds. To share this passion, I've founded Brazilcore, a platform aimed at bridging the gap between Brazil and English speakers worldwide.