What is Caruru?

June 21, 2024


Caruru is a traditional Brazilian dish that is popular in the northeastern region of the country. It is a flavorful stew made with okra, shrimp, and various spices. In this glossary, we will explore the origins of caruru, its ingredients, and how it is prepared.

History of Caruru

Caruru has its roots in West Africa, where it was brought to Brazil by enslaved Africans during the colonial period. Over time, it became a popular dish in the northeastern region of Brazil, where it is often served at religious festivals and celebrations.


The main ingredients in caruru include okra, shrimp, dried shrimp, palm oil, onions, garlic, tomatoes, and various spices such as coriander, cumin, and red pepper flakes. These ingredients come together to create a rich and flavorful stew that is both hearty and satisfying.


To prepare caruru, the okra is first sliced and sautéed in palm oil until it is tender. The shrimp and dried shrimp are then added, along with the onions, garlic, and tomatoes. The mixture is seasoned with spices and simmered until all the flavors have melded together.


Caruru is typically served over a bed of white rice, with a side of farofa (toasted cassava flour) and sliced oranges. It is a hearty and comforting dish that is perfect for a family meal or a special occasion.


There are many variations of caruru, depending on the region of Brazil and the cook’s personal preferences. Some versions may include additional ingredients such as beef, pork, or chicken, while others may be vegetarian or vegan.

Health Benefits

Caruru is a nutritious dish that is rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Okra is high in fiber and low in calories, while shrimp is a good source of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. The palm oil used in caruru is also rich in antioxidants and healthy fats.

Cultural Significance

Caruru holds a special place in Brazilian culture, particularly in the northeastern region where it is a beloved dish. It is often served at religious festivals and celebrations, where it is enjoyed by people of all ages.


In conclusion, caruru is a delicious and nutritious dish that is a staple of Brazilian cuisine. Its rich history, flavorful ingredients, and cultural significance make it a beloved dish that is enjoyed by people all over the world. Whether you are a fan of traditional Brazilian cuisine or are looking to try something new, caruru is definitely worth a try.

Tatiana Cesso

As a journalist, I've made it my mission to explore and share stories that inspire, inform, and entertain. You may have stumbled upon my work in esteemed publications such as InStyle, Marie Claire, Bazaar, L’Officiel, and Vogue, among others. Having called the U.S. home since 2010, I've lived in Chicago, LA, and currently, Miami. But my heart always beats to the rhythm of Brazil. It's where I was born and raised, and my love for its culture, people, and energy knows no bounds. To share this passion, I've founded Brazilcore, a platform aimed at bridging the gap between Brazil and English speakers worldwide.